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What are polymer materials included?

Release time:

2023-05-31

It mainly includes three categories: plastic, chemical fibers, and rubber. There are many types of synthetic materials among them, which are made from monomers produced by petrochemical industry through polymerization reactions. Some have special properties that natural materials cannot achieve and are widely used in industrial and agricultural production and daily life, so they have developed rapidly. In the 1930s, the world's production of polymer materials did not exceed 100kt, but by the 1980s it had reached about 80Mt, with plastics accounting for 3/4. Due to the fact that plastic is lighter than metal, its production by volume has already surpassed that of metal materials.

The basic material of polymer materials is synthetic resin. Plastic products are light (generally only 1/9 of steel), corrosion resistant, heat resistant, good electrical insulation, easy to process and shape, and have been widely used to replace metal, glass, paper, wood, etc. in recent decades. Plastic films are mainly used as packaging materials and are also widely used in agriculture. Plastic pipes are widely used as oil and water pipes for automobiles. Plastic is also used for car shells and parts. The abrasion resistance of floors and doors and windows processed with PVC is five times higher than that processed with wood processing. The density of organic glass is half that of ordinary glass, and its impact strength is up to 17 times, making it suitable for use as windshield glass in aircraft. Plastics are also widely used in the electronics and electrical industries, making wires, cables, switches, and instrument casings. Plastic products can be said to have penetrated into every corner of people's production and life. Some synthetic resins have special functions, known as functional polymer materials, such as conductive materials, semiconductor materials, photosensitive resins, photoconductive materials, and superconducting materials, which have attracted great interest from people.

Information

2019-05-05

What are polymer materials included?

It mainly includes three categories: plastic, chemical fibers, and rubber. There are many types of synthetic materials among them, which are made from monomers produced by petrochemical industry through polymerization reactions. Some have special properties that natural materials cannot achieve and are widely used in industrial and agricultural production and daily life, so they have developed rapidly. In the 1930s, the world's production of polymer materials did not exceed 100kt, but by the 1980s it had reached about 80Mt, with plastics accounting for 3/4. Due to the fact that plastic is lighter than metal, its production by volume has already surpassed that of metal materials.

It mainly includes three categories: plastic, chemical fibers, and rubber. There are many types of synthetic materials among them, which are made from monomers produced by petrochemical industry through polymerization reactions. Some have special properties that natural materials cannot achieve and are widely used in industrial and agricultural production and daily life, so they have developed rapidly. In the 1930s, the world's production of polymer materials did not exceed 100kt, but by the 1980s it had reached about 80Mt, with plastics accounting for 3/4. Due to the fact that plastic is lighter than metal, its production by volume has already surpassed that of metal materials.


Curing agents can be divided into room temperature curing agents and heating curing agents according to their use. Epoxy resin generally has excellent performance during high-temperature curing, but coatings and adhesives used in civil construction require room temperature curing due to heating difficulties; So most of them use fatty amines, alicyclic enantiomers, and polyamides, especially in winter when coatings and adhesives have to be used in combination with polyisocyanates, or when using odorous polyols.


Fine chemical industry is a general term for the production of fine chemicals, abbreviated as "fine chemical industry". The meaning of fine chemicals is still under discussion abroad. Chemical products with the following characteristics are commonly referred to as fine chemicals, namely:


(1) Consider the variety and performance of curing agents. The variety of curing agents has a significant impact on the mechanical properties, heat resistance, water resistance, corrosion resistance, etc. of the cured product. For example, curing agents such as aromatic polyamines, imidazole, and anhydride have a higher heat resistance than curing agents such as aliphatic polyamines and low molecular weight polyamides in curing epoxy resins; The water resistance of aromatic anhydride cured epoxy resin is better than that of aromatic diamine and aliphatic polyamine curing agents; Triethylenetetramine curing agent has good alkali resistance, but poor acid resistance and formaldehyde solution resistance. The resistance of epoxy resin cured with alicyclic polyamines (such as isophorone diamine) is excellent. The alkali resistance of epoxy resin cured with anhydride curing agent is superior to acid resistance. Appropriate curing agents should be selected based on different applications and performance requirements.


The curing temperature of the curing agent is closely related to the heat resistance of the cured product. Similarly, in the same type of curing agent, although it has the same functional group, its properties and cured product characteristics also differ due to different chemical structures. Therefore, a comprehensive understanding of the properties and characteristics of polyamine curing agents with the same functional group but different chemical structures is crucial for selecting curing agents.


Plasticizers are usually structurally polar or partially polar, and are liquids or low melting point solids with high boiling points, high volatility, and good miscibility with polymers. Plasticizers are distributed between macromolecular chains, which can reduce intermolecular forces, reduce polymer viscosity, and enhance flexibility. Plasticizers are divided into two categories: main plasticizer and secondary plasticizer. The main plasticizer has a good compatibility with resins, with low permeability and volatility, which can improve plasticization efficiency.


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